Vitis Vinifera

by Staff Writer - C. Barnett | December 15, 2010

Vitis Vinifera is best known as the common European grape. It is the main source of Old World wine and table grape varieties. These common grapes are grown in many varieties.

Centuries ago, wine was made by the ancient winemakers with the existing grapes of the time period. These grapes were native to Europe, East and Central Asia and the grape species are known as the Vitis Vinifera. This is where the first known winemaking took place. Today most of the world’s wines are still made from this same species of grapes. Over ten thousand varieties of Vitis Vinifera exist but only a little over two hundred varieties ever make it into a wine bottle.

A few examples of Vitis Vinifera include: Chenin Blanc, Zinfandel, Riesling, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot and Chardonnay.

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