by Cindy Barnett | June 05, 2012

Viticulture is the cultivation of grapes. The Viticulture cultivation includes the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. Duties of the viticulturist include irrigation, observing and layout of the vineyard, canopy size and how much to allow the crop to yield. These factors affect the sunlight exposure, which ultimately affects the grape. Other necessary duties include controlling pests, diseases, fertilizing, irrigation, monitoring fruit development and characteristics, deciding when to harvest and vine pruning during the winter months. Viticulturists are often intimately involved with winemakers, because vineyard management and the resulting grape characteristics provide the basis from which winemaking can begin.

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