by Cindy Barnett | June 05, 2012

Vinification is the process of making wine from grapes. Vinification or winemaking has been around for many thousands of years. The conversion of a fruit juice into alcohol is done by fermentation. The process of Vinification or winemaking begins with the grapes. Wine grapes are varieties of the species Vitis vinifera, which are slightly smaller grapes than the grapes sold in the supermarket and they are covered in a beautiful dark purple skin. After several weeks of fermentation, and a month or two of transferring between containers and waiting for all the solid matter to sink to the bottom and be eliminated, the wine is ready to be bottled or barreled. Wine must be slightly aged to be drinkable; white wine should sit for half a year, while red wine should sit for a full year. Some of the most famous wines are aged for many years in oak barrels or glass bottles.

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